Standardized tests are comprised of many questions usually with pre-determined answers. They often cover several domains or areas of knowledge or behaviour. Sometimes they are referred of as Batteries - in that there is a battery or large list of questions. Usually standardized tests include information about their statistical ratings. They are used or tested with hundreds of individuals.
These tests can be used to measure the following:
- Academic achievement
- Perceptual motor skills
- Adaptive behaviour
- General intelligence
- Language abilities
- Multipurpose batteries (cover a range of domains)
Each of these categories of tests can be administered in a number of different ways. They may be:
- Given individually or in groups
- Specific to a particular age group
- Designed to require oral, written, or gross motor responses
Often these are commercially available and usually they must be administered by a professional.
Standardized tests can be Norm Referenced or Criterion Referenced.
- Norm Referenced Tests:
- Compares one learner with others - or with the norm. Example: John came in second out of fifteen in his downhill ski race.
- Criterion Referenced Tests:
- Compares the learner with a set of standards. Example: John completed his downhill race in 18.5 seconds with 2 errors which allows him to qualify for the provincials. To qualify skiers must complete the run in under 20 seconds with no more than 3 errors.
The norm-referenced example does not tell what the student knows nor what he did specifically, only how he or she did in comparison to others. The criterion-referenced example tells what the criterion is for success and provides a specific report on how John performed.
For more information please see: http://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/measeval/crnmref.html
Standardized tests can focus on Achievement or Aptitude.
- Achievement tests:
- These tests focus on how much has already been learned in a particular area of skill or knowledge. Any test that measures what you've learned or can do is an achievement test. A test in a particular subject here at the college would be an example of this kind of test. These are sometimes called performance or summative assessments. They are usually done at the end of a course of study and they result in a mark or grade.
- Aptitude tests:
- These tests focus on predicting performance in a specific area of skill or knowledge. They identify areas where you have a particular aptitude or strength. If you've ever had to complete a lengthy test that indicated you should be a librarian, or a lion-tamer, or a lawyer, then you have probably completed an aptitude test. These tests are usually based on your declared interests.
Sometimes retail stores will ask potential employees to complete a suitability test before being hired. This is also a kind of aptitude test. It is used to determine the suitability of the person to the job.
Achievement tests measure what you have already learned, while Aptitude tests measure the likelihood of your success.
For more information please see: http://www.theworksuite.com/id15.html
Match the example to the correct term.